Amritsar is a city in the states of Punjab in the northwestern region of India, The city was historically known as Ramdaspur.
Amritsar is approximately 217 KM away from state capital Chandigarh and it is 455 Km away from the national capital Delhi. The city shares its borders with Pakistan which is known as wagha Atari border.
The city is the home of spirituality, one of the holiest locations in Sikhism is situated in the hearts of Amritsar. Shir harmandir sahib which means (Abode of God) it is mainly known as Golden temple. Not only the place is visited by millions of Sikh pilgrims every year but also thousands of people from all the religion visit Golden temple every day.
One can reach to Amritsar via Train, plane or by roadways.
The Indian Railway runs a special train to Amritsar known as Golden temple express train no. 12904
Amritsar is a very lively city of Punjab, Tourists or solo travelers often gets confused if where to travel and what to do when in Amritsar hence I have narrowed down 20 Best places to visit whenever you are in Amritsar. The city beholds the values in history, spiritually, ethnicity, The Amritsar tourism has a lot to offer to you continue with the post to know the best places to visit while you are in Amritsar.
Shir harmandir sahib alias Golden temple is one of the holiest places in Sikhism is, The godliness of the place is something that can only be experienced and cannot be described the darbar sahib is built around the man-made pool known as (Sarovar).
The history reveals the fact that Guru Arjan Singh the fifth guru of Sikhism requested Sai Mian Mir a Muslim Pir of Lahore to lay the foundation stone of it in 1589. The place is very calm although at every hour of the day it is filled with hundreds of visitors the only voice you’ll hear around you is of chants of Sikh prayers.
It is necessary for everyone to cover their heads with head gears ie handkerchief or piece of cloth.
Golden temple is the center of attraction of the vast complex know as harmandir sahib or darbar sahib.
The pilgrim’s voluntary work in the temple which is known as “Seva”. Golden temple runs worlds biggest free kitchen service and it feeds millions and millions of visitors every year.
The food served by the kitchen is known as “Prasad” and it is served to everyone with equal respect.
Jallinawala bagh in Amritsar beholds the great historical importance during the time of struggle for Independence.
It is a public garden that is also a memorial, which has seen the deadly massacre of peaceful celebratory by British Forces.
The garden covers 6.5 acres in land and has witnessed one of the saddest days in Indian history.
It is said that the British force changed bullets on thousands of Innocent civilians on the orders of general Dyre as they were gathered for the peaceful celebration of Sikh festival Baisakhi.
Garden has only one entrance which was closed by British soldiers when the massacre took place the children, female and the elders once jumped on to the water well inside the garden to save there lives but sadly very few we’re the lucky ones that survived this brutal attack.
A memorial was constructed in 1951 by Government of India in the memories of the Innocents who lost there life.
The museum also has the remains of Shaheed Udham Singh who assassinated Gen. Dyre in London.Photography insides the jallinawala bagh museum is strictly prohibited but you can take pictures of the garden and the walls with bullet marks on them. The garden is 10 mins away from Golden temple it gets closed in the evening so an early visit is recommended.
Guru ka mahal
Guru ram das founded guru ka mahal in early 1573, The palace is a housing Guru Granth Sahib. It is considered to be a little cottage that is a shelter for the Sikh Guru.
Guru ka mahal stands for ” Palace of God “.
Wagah border is the economic corridor between Indian and Pakistan, it is 22Km away from Lahore Pakistan and 28KM away from Amritsar India. Heavily guarded by BSF (Border Security Force ) form India and Pakistan rangers from another side.
The border is famous for beating the Retreat ceremony which takes place every evening, the gates for the international border closes in the evening and the flags are lowered in the ceremony. It’s been almost 5 decades to the classic ceremony, it is held every day and it is witnessed by thousands of visitors from both the side. In the recent events, Pakistan returned one of Indian soldier from Wagah border who unintentionally crossed the international border due to the failure of Aircraft in which he was traveling.
The walls, soils, and air of border witnesses’ next level enthusiasm each day. Wagah border is a must whenever you are traveling to the city.
Gurudwara Mata Kaulan
Another home for Spirituality, a shrine of Mata kaulan particularly know as
the Gurudwara Mata Kaulan is situated on the west side of harmandir sahib ( Golden Temple) in Amritsar.
The religious place was made in the memories of Bibi Kaulan.
Bibi kaulan was born and raised as a Muslim but then she adopted Hinduism later in her life, She became a true devotee of Guru Har Gobind Ji.
Upon knowing all this father of Bibi Kaulan disowned her, also pronounced her dead for her devotion towards the guru. Bibi Kaulan was abandoned for the Village, Sant Mian mir of the same village brought her secretly to Amritsar where she spent rest of her life as a faithful devotee of Guru,
Later she was laid in rest at the western part of Gurudwara Kaulan.
Kirtans sung by Bibi Kaulan are still remembered by orders of Sikh community,
Her devotion towards Guru and service to mankind is often praised in the temple premises,
Kaulsar Sarovar is located right next to the mata kaulan Gurudwara, devotes usually take a dip before proceeding towards Amrit Sarovar. Kaulsar Sarovar is the first water body inside the temple named after a Muslim woman.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum
The next popular destination of the city is Maharaj Ranjit Singh Museum.
It is surrounded by the famous rambaug garden which has a statue of the Royal king in the middle of it with his famous horse The heritage building of the museum comprises century-old painting, artifacts, manuscript and collection of the coin the museum is usually filled with college kids, tourist, and local residents.A small entry fee is to be expected on the entry. The commuters have to remove their shoes in respect to the great king.
Some of the picture and portraits of Maharaja Ranjit Singh are handcrafted, many unknown facts about his life and the long journey can be revealed. The museum is well-maintained premises are clean, another attraction at the house is the gifting of the Koh-I-Noor, In the Upstairs of the museum, there’s the panorama of Ranjit Singh’s major battles. It also has a circular hall with the viewing deck. The larger than life-size statues and cannons are the most considered attraction of the place.
The partition museum is one of its kinds in the world, it focuses on the trauma and suffering of millions of people during the separation of India and Pakistan.
It depicts the horrifying story of bloody consequences which lead to the separation of Pakistan from India. How people suffered in that phase of time, how they survived the brutality as a refugee, how things changed in such a Short period of time and then the acceptance of them as a citizen is crafted by The Arts and Culture Heritage Trust-TAACHT.
It has been opened recently in the town hall in Amritsar, the museum belongs to the newly opened heritage street in the Amritsar city, The museum has a collection of newspaper clippings, photographs and personal belongings donated by the people who have survived that phase of time. TAACHT- Aims to build the place that is dedicated to memories of partition—separation of Pakistan from India in 1947.
The museum is devoted to partition victim’s and survivors and to all the people who were affected by this brutal episode of Indian history.
The two nation separation was one of the hardest things anyone could ever imagine it lead to change in Homelands for approximately 12 million people and sadly lead to the painful demise of 2 million people.
From the date of its inauguration, it had been visited by thousands of folks come from all regions of India and Pakistan to visit the place. Foreign tourists also visit the museum to take a piece of Indian history with them.
The place surely implies entry fees, For Indian resident tourist it is 10 Indian rupees and for the foreign tourists or NRI’s its is 250 INR.